The Royal Proclamation of 1763
When discussing treaties, one of the most important historical documents is the Royal Proclamation of 1763. It was issued by King George III of England and was intended to keep Indians as allies during times of war and to keep them as trading partners. Some of the important principles in the Royal Proclamation include:
First Nations still refer to the Royal Proclamation as evidence of their sovereignty and their rights to lands and resources.
- the decree that Indians should not be disturbed in their use and enjoyment of the lands reserved to them by the Royal Proclamation;
- any lands that the Royal Proclamation reserved for First Nations was to be purchased by the Crown only and not by individuals;
- lands reserved for First Nations was to be purchased with the consent of the Indians in a public assembly of the Indians held by the Governor or Commander in Chief of the colonies in which the lands lay.